Shape – bushy, PROPER CARE: Seedlings and young plants can thrive in open sunny areas, as well as in dense shady forested areas (Starr et al., 2003; Dowe, 2009; Palmweb, 2016). Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); fruiting habit. Livistona oliviformis (Hassk) Mart. Fruits can also be spread by birds and other animals (Bermuda DENR, 2016). Familias M a P y Pteridophyta). Shiny, dark green, roundish, fan-type fronds droop at the outer edges. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. They are fan palms, the leaves with an armed petiole terminating in a rounded, costapalmate fan of numerous leaflets. L. chinensis grows in coastal and secondary moist forests at elevations between 1 and 600 m (Starr et al., 2003; Dowe, 2009; Palmweb, 2016). (Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. July 2012. Share. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP)). Livistona chinensis, Chinese fan palm, Arecaceae. Features: Livistona chinensis, one of the 36 species of fan palms of the genus Livistona, is a medium-sized, slow-growing, single-trunked palm tree that reaches about 50 feet (15.2 m) tall in its natural habitat. subglobosa Becc.) Check List of Hong Kong Plants. L. chinensis is widely planted as an ornamental throughout tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Livistona chinensis - Chinese Fountain Palm. ex Mart.. Chinese fountain palm (Engl.) Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. The chromosome number of L. chinensis is 2n = 36 (Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016; Palmweb, 2016). Name first recorded for the palm, genus and species, followed by the abbreviation of the specialist who described it. 300 pp. July 2009. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. 1918 + [1] pp.. Wu T, 2001. Leaves are palmate; petioles to 1.8 m, with green or black recurved spines along margins, spines denser proximally, fewer distally on petioles; hastula to 3 cm; blades almost circular in outline, 1.2-1.8 m wide, green on both surfaces, regularly divided to c. half their length into 50-90 segments, these split and pendulous at apices. Holdridge LR, Poveda LJ, 1975. Watering in rest period – sparingly Pronunciation: liv-ih-STONE-uh chin-NEN-siss . Holiday Inn Express Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. List of invasive plant species., Paget, Bermuda, Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). Common name. Pests Scales. In: Flora of China. L. Livistona chinensis; Media in category "Livistona chinensis" The following 142 files are in this category, out of 142 total. In: Englera, 29 (2) Berlin-Dahlem, Germany: Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum. English: Chinese fountain palm; fountain palm; Spanish: livistona de China; palma abanico; palma china; French: palmier éventail de Chine; Chinese: pu kui; Portuguese: falsa-latânia; palmeira-leque-da-China; Local Common Names Livistona chinensis. Bermuda DENR, 2016. July 2012. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Slow growth to about 30 feet tall. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. DOI:10.1016/S1389-1723(01)80017-7, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, Vols. L. chinensis negatively impacts Acanthophoenix rubra, a critically endangered palm endemic to Mauritius (Maunder et al., 2001). Livistona chinensis has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 5 (Evaluate) and the Plant Pono ... Family: Arecaceae. Description: Livistona chinensis is attractive, solitary, fan palm with distinctive drooping tips to its leaves. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); artefact made from fronds, a Chinese fan. Temperature in active growth period – min 16C max 24C and a very adaptable palm for most climates of southern California, including indoors. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). June 2009. Chinese anahau(Engl.) 273 pp. Vernacular names [ edit wikidata 'Category:Livistona chinensis' linked to current category] [ edit wikidata 'Livistona chinensis' main topic of 'Category:Livistona chinensis'] English : fountain palm, Chinese fan palm. Jørgensen PM, Nee MH, Beck SG, 2015. Antibacterial and membrane damaging activity of Livistona chinensis fruit extract / Gurpreet Kaur, Raman Preet Singh / Food and Chemical Toxicology, July 2008 / DOI :10.1016/j.fct.2008.03.026 (10) Livistona chinensis seeds inhibit hepatocellular carcinoma angiogenesis in … Stems: Solitary, erect, gray or brown, to 12 m in height and 25 cm in diameter. Campus. Livistona chinensis. Livistona chinensis subglobosa is a dwarf Chinese Fan Palm. Palm Shape. Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); habit, planted as an ornamental. Wagner, W. L., Herbst, D. R., Sohmer, S. H., 1999. Studies in the genus Livistona (Coryphoideae: Arecaceae). Livistona chinensis is one of the more cold hardy palm trees commonly in cultivation, and yet ironically is native to the essentially frost free subtropical islands and coastlines of China, Taiwan, and southern Japan. http://www.hkflora.com/v2/flora/plant_check_list.php, Yoshida, N., Nobe, R., Yamada, T., Ogawa, K., Murooka, Y., 2000. Bermuda DENR, 2016. http://www.hkflora.com/v2/flora/plant_check_list.php, Yoshida N, Nobe R, Yamada T, Ogawa K, Murooka Y, 2000. The … Because L. chinensis is widely commercialized as an ornamental palm in the horticultural trade, the risk of new introductions of this species is very high. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. ex C. Mart. A well known palm with distinct trooping leaf tips, for which it is named as fountain palm. Fruit colour; life form. Serdang palm (Engl.) Native and introduced trees of El Salvador, Part 2: Angiospermae - Families M to P and Pteridophyta. Tree Characteristics. Jørgensen PM, Nee MH, Beck SG, 2015. II). Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Buò-gì. Fallen berries germinate at the base of the parent tree, forming dense thickets that smother and outcompete native vegetation (Bermuda DENR, 2016). http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. Holdridge LR, Poveda LJ, 1975. Stems to 15 m tall, 20-30 cm in diameter, rough with leaf scars. In Hawaii, it was probably introduced in the 1800s and is cultivated as an ornamental tree, persisting after cultivation, and sparingly naturalized in areas where previously cultivated (Wagner et al., 1999). In: Programa Expedición Antioquia-2103. It is a very attractive and elegant palm with large, shiny, fan-shaped leaves and has a glossy green color. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Synonyms: Latania chinensis, Latania borbonica, Livistona oliviformis, Saribus oliviformis. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawai'i Press/Bishop Museum Press. Temperature in rest period – min 7C max 16C ©WikiCantona/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Naturalized along roadsides and disturbed forests, CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered), Competition - monopolizing resources; Competition - shading; Competition - smothering. In China, it grows in coastal forests, often on sandy soils (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016). http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. We offer several Livistona palms. Maunder, M., Lyte, B., Dransfield, J., Baker, W., 2001. http://www.fleppc.org/, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Native and introduced trees of El Salvador, Part 2: Angiospermae - Families M to P and Pteridophyta. Features: Livistona chinensis, one of the 36 species of fan palms of the genus Livistona, is a medium-sized, slow-growing, single-trunked palm tree that reaches about 50 feet (15.2 m) tall in its natural habitat. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Green; palm. Alien species in Hawaii. Livistona is a genus of palms, the botanical family Arecaceae, native to southeastern and eastern Asia, Australasia, and the Horn of Africa. http://environment.bm/. and a very adaptable palm for most climates of southern California, including indoors. The family Arecaceae includes 188 genera and 2585 species of perennial climbers, shrubs and trees (commonly known as palm trees) distributed across the tropics and warm temperate regions of the world (Stevens, 2012). 90 (4), 447-452. Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); habit on steep gulch wall. Diseases It is moderately susceptible to lethal yellowing disease. Gainesville, USA: Environmental Horticulture Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. in Aoshima, Japan. Chinese fan palm. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Likes regular water and full sun. DESCRIPTION. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Fruits fall to the ground and sprout below the parent tree. In Florida, it can be found growing on disturbed hammocks and mesic woodlands (Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016). Old leaves persist on the stem, leaving closely spaced rings of leaf scars when they fall away. Ideal for zones 8b-11 and native to Eastern Asia, the Livistona Chinensis is a medium sized palm with large, light green palmate fronds that droop at the leaf tips, also giving it the common name of Chinese Fountain palm. Dispersal by sea currents has been suggested for the northerly spread of L. chinensis (as var. Livistona Chinensis – Chinese Fan Palm. Flora of China. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. September 2009. 1 & 2. Honolulu, USA: Hawaii Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR), University of Hawaii. Scientific names: Common names: Chamaerops biroo Sebold ex Mart. L. chinensis is listed as invasive in Hawaii, Florida, Bermuda, Mauritius, Reunion and New Caledonia, where it negatively impacts vegetation on coastal areas, mesic woodlands and secondary moist forests (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer et al., 2008; FLEPPC, 2015; Bermuda DENR, 2016; ISSG, 2016; PIER, 2016). Propagation is by seed. February 2012. Palmweb: Palms of the world online., London, UK: Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. Their introduced range includes Bermuda, the Mascarene Islands, Florida, Hawaii and … R. Br. العربية: ليفستونة صينية. Chinese fan palm (Engl.) Gainesville, USA: University of Florida Press, 638 pp. Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia. 2) Origin: not native to North America Uses: suitable for growing indoors; large parking lot islands (> 200 square feet in size); wide tree lawns (>6 Pages in category "Livistona chinensis" This category contains only the following page. Check List of Hong Kong Plants. L. chinensis is primarily spread over long distances by humans. May be recommended by IFAS. : High Typical Height: 25' OA. This species is hermaphrodite and predominantly autogamous, while an evolutionary trend towards dioecy is displayed in other members of the genus (Dowe, 2009). Hong Kong: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. However, it is often seen at much shorter heights of 10-25 feet (3 … Englera No. R. Br. Meyer J Y, Lavergne C, Hodel D R, 2008. Chinese Fan Palm, Chinese Fountain Palm, Fountain Palm, Serdang A beautiful species with its soft, cascading appearance, Livistona chinensis (Chinese Fan Palm) is a medium-sized evergreen palm with a slender trunk adorned with up to 50 large, coarse-textured, emerald-green, palmate leaves, up to 3-6 ft. across (90-180 cm). The herbicide should be brushed onto the stump of the cut palm to prevent re-growth (Bermuda DENR, 2016; ISSG, 2016). For Status Assessments: Caution - manage to prevent escape. A taxonomic account of Livistona R.Br. Livistona japonica Nakai ex Masam. var. Public Domain - Released by Zureks/via wikipedia - CC0. Monographs in Systematic Botany, Vol. Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA: Florida Exotic Plant Pest Council. Livistona is distributed across Africa and southern Arabia, southeastern and eastern Asia, Malesia and Australia. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Arecaceae. Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Livistona chinensis is one of the hardiest, affordable and most commonly available of the Livistona genus. 1192 pp. Classification Genus Livistona Species L. chinensis Binomial name Livistona chinensis. Programa Expedición Antioquia-2103. Townsville. World Checklist of Arecaceae. August 2009. Mart. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); fruits. Description. fountain palm. As other palm species, L. chinensis is probably pollinated by wind and a variety of insects and animals such as beetles, bees, flies, ants and bats (Dehgan, 1998). 1 & 2, In: Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, Vols. Livistona japonica Nakai ex Masam. It is also known by names such as the Fountain Palm and the Chinese Fountain Palm due to its resemblance to a flowing fountain. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016), Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016, Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/livchia.pdf, http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1645, http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/pdf/livistona_chinensis.pdf, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://www.hkflora.com/v2/flora/plant_check_list.php, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Livistona chinensis (Jacq.) Trees of Costa Rica. Online Database. In Hawaii, it is possible that plants are also spread in water, as seedlings are often observed germinating along ditches (Starr et al., 2003). Livistona Chinensis: Chinese fan palm. Chinese Fan Palm Synonyms. Trees of Costa Rica. The fruits, which are produced in large numbers, are blue. ex Mart. November 2009. Height: 30 - 40 feet. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador, Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta). Common Names: Chinese Fan Palm, Chinese Fountain Palm, Synonyms: Latania chinensis, Latania borbonica, Livistona oliviformis, Saribus oliviformis. http://www.palmweb.org/node/2, PIER, 2016. Livistona chinensis: Chinese Fan Palm 1. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf, Gilman EF, Watson DG, 1993. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. In Mauritius, it has become invasive and is threatening the critically endangered endemic palm Acanthophoenix rubra (Maunder et al., 2001). 1744 pp. Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); fronds. Hong Kong Herbarium and the South China Institute of Botany. It is also spreading across Bermuda, where it grows forming dense thickets in areas near cultivation, along roadsides and in disturbed forests and coastal areas (Bermuda DENR, 2016). Description. L. chinensis spreads by seeds. ... Livistona chinensis fountain palm Livistona rotundifolia round-leaf fountain palm Legal Status. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, No. This palm is better known by its common names, the Chinese fan palm and the fountain palm. It is also reportedly naturalized in South Africa, Mauritius, Réunion, the Andaman Islands, Java, New Caledonia, Micronesia, Hawaii, Florida, Bermuda, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. In: Hong Kong Herbarium and the South China Institute of Botany, Hong Kong: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. It grows by forming dense thickets that can crowd out and overshadow native species. Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); fronds. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. 98. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, USDA-ARS, 2016. CHARACTERISTICS: List of invasive plant species. Paget, Bermuda: Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). FLEPPC, 2015. Catalogue of the seed plants of the West Indies. Livistona chinensis is one of the more cold hardy palm trees commonly in cultivation, and yet ironically is native to the essentially frost free subtropical islands and coastlines of China, Taiwan, and southern Japan. Chinese fan palm, Chinese fountain palm, Serdang palm. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Livistona chinensis. Latania chinensis Jacq. Berendsohn WG, Gruber AN, Salomón JM, Molina JG, 2012. (Flora de Antioquia: catálogo de las plantas vasculares). Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); habit, showing fronds. Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Hamakua Coast, Hawaii, Hawaii, USA. Landscape plants for subtropical climates. Chamaerops biroo Siebold ex Mart. In Bermuda, the herbicide glyphosate has been used to control L. chinensis. Common names. In the wild these fan-leaf palms can develop into tall trees, but those grown in pots do not usually become big enough to produce substantial single stems, and they remain small, stemless shrubs. R. Br. [English title not available]. Central, North, South Caution. Family: Arecaceae Common name: Chinese fan palm, Fountain palm Fan palms are hot favorites as indoor and outdoor plants, due to their beautiful foliage and their capability to adapt to different growing conditions. Watering in active growth period – moderately L. chinensis produces a large number of fruits and has high germination rates. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. ex Mart. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Introduced at least in southeast Asia, southern Africa, Caribbean ex Mart. Fruits are green or blue-green, globose to ellipsoid or pear-shaped, 1.5-2.6 x 0.9-1.8 cm (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016). http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. 1918 + [1] pp. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Common Name: Chinese Fan Palm, Chinese Fountain Palm . More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. World Checklist of Arecaceae., London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador, Parte 2: Angiospermae - Inflorescences are 1-1.2 m, branched to three orders, with six or seven partial inflorescences; rachillae 10-18 cm; flowers hermaphroditic, borne in clusters of 4-7, white or yellow, 2-2.5 mm. Berendsohn WG, Gruber AN, Salomón JM, Molina JG, 2012. Livistona chinensis is a palm tree that has been widely introduced into tropical and warm temperate regions of the world to be used as ornamental. List of Invasive Plant Species., Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA: Florida Exotic Plant Pest Council. Wu T, 2001. Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. Livistona chinensis (Jacq.) ... Potassium (K) deficiency, which causes extensive leaflet tip necrosis on the oldest leaves, is fairly common. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. R.Br. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016. St Louis, Missouri, USA: University of Missouri and Missouri Botanical Garden. The leaf segments have distinctive drooping tips. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Larger saplings are more difficult to pull and can be dug out with a fork, but will re-grow if broken. http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/pdf/livistona_chinensis.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. It is native to southern Japan, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, southeastern China and Hainan. Livistona chinensis. Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm); habit, planted as an ornamental. Holiday Inn Express, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. As it gets older, however, the leaves become more divided, and not quite so pretty. [English title not available]. Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Currently, it is listed as invasive in Hawaii, Florida, Bermuda, Mauritius, Reunion and New Caledonia. L. speciosa, locally called kho, gives its name to Khao Kho District in Thailand. September 2009. http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/livchia.pdf, Govaerts R, 2016. In Florida, L. chinensis is listed as a category II invasive plant, a category designed for species with the potential to disrupt native plant communities. Origin. Livistona chinensis. General information about Livistona chinensis (LIVCH) China (including Taiwan), Japan. Scientific name: Livistona chinensis Pronunciation: liv-iss-TOE-nuh chih-NEN-sis Common name(s): Chinese Fan Palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 9B through 11 (Fig. Is named as fountain palm Hodel D R, Merello M, 2011 the IUCN species Commission..., Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009 )., san Jose, Costa Rica Centro. Flora_Id=2, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016 )., san Jose, Costa Rica: Cientifica... Islands, southeastern and eastern Asia, Malesia and Australia southeast Asia, Malesia and Australia, Corlett RT 2009! 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Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Hawaii described it de la Polynésie Française ( PAP ).! The ground and sprout below the parent tree are more difficult to pull and can be livistona chinensis common name... Numerous leaflets soils ( Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016 seedlings of l. chinensis negatively Acanthophoenix! Chinensis appears to be susceptible to lethal yellowing disease but will re-grow if livistona chinensis common name!