Family Histeridae. Once this historical error was discovered, Carcinops pumilio was considered the valid scientific name for this hister beetle. Figure 6. Achiano KA, Giliomee JH. Updated: 8/23/2019;
1983), but this could be an underestimate based on Geden and Axtell (1988) (see section on Economic Importance). Achiano KA, Giliomee JH. 2011. The taxonomic history of this hister beetle is complicated and marked by confusion of the scientific names Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) and Carcinops quattuordecimstriata (Stephens) that stems from uncertainty surrounding the publication dates of these. 2000; GBIF 2012; Lackner et al. Some state-level records for the US are based on specimen data from the Florida State Collection of Arthropods (FSCA), Gainesville, FL. In particular, Carcinops pumilio has been reported from bone processing operations (Walker 1916) and glue factories (Fowler and Donisthorpe 1913; Walker 1932). In natural areas, these beetles have been found in various types of moist organic detritus (wet and decaying plant matter, animal carrion, and animal/human feces) where they can find their immature fly prey (Ganglbauer 1899; Bousquet and Laplante 2006; Bajerlein et al. Arthropods in litter of poultry (broiler chicken and turkey) houses. Laboratory studies indicate that adult Carcinops pumilio will eat an average of 13 house fly eggs per day (Morgan et al. Females average 1.8 egg-laying events per day in the lab, but the timing between egg-laying is variable from one to three days (Morgan et al. Succession of manure arthropods at a poultry farm in Massachusetts, USA, with observations on, Geden CJ, Stoffolano Jr. JG, Elkinton JS. Small beetle, 3-5mm in size. The pupal stage lasts for an average 17.5 days (Morgan et al. 1999; Skov et al. X. Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae, Histeridae, The role of litter beetles as potential reservoir for, Appendix, in part, to Illustrations of British Entomology; or a synopsis of indigenous insects; containing their generic and specific distinctions; with an account of their metamorphoses, times of appearance, localities, food, and economy, as far as predictable. Attractant-based Hister House trap. Hinton HE. It is the largest order of insects, representing about 40 percent of the known insect species. 1987. 2016. There are a large variety of Hister Beetles and most species have not been studied. Hister bissexstriatus Fabricius, 1801. They have the front pairs of wings in the hard cases that distinguished them from most other insects. Second Edition, Insects associated with chicken manure in a breed poultry farm of central Chile, Impact of pest control strategies on the arthropodofauna living in bird nests built in nestboxes in pear and apple orchards, Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the leadership of Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner, M. A. O. rhinoceros adults feed in the crown region of both coconut and oil palm. Larvae: Larvae newly emerged from the egg are cream-colored, but the head is brown (Achiano and Giliomee 2005). 1991). Australian National Insect Collection Database (ANICD). Habitat: Areas with the host, ash trees (genus Fraxinus) Range: Originally Asia; now throughout the Western Hemisphere. Experiments and observational studies have provided detailed information about the life cycle of Carcinops pumilio. Retamales J, Vivallo F, Robeson J. "Bess" beetle would appear to be from French baiser, to kiss (compare Middle English bassen, Modern English, though archaic, buss to kiss), after the kissing sound (stridulation) made by the beetles when handled. These beetles also are associated with wild animal remains and some aspects of meat processing. 2006a. Laboratory rearing techniques for Carcinops pumilio were investigated due to these beetles’ potential use as biological controls of flies in manure. Adults will attack larvae (Achiano and Giliomee 2006a) and larvae will attack other larvae (Geden and Stoffolano 1987) when crowded. Similarly, Carcinops pumilio was collected in association with abandoned, rotting oil palm kernels in Nigeria (Allotey 1988). Common Name: Hister beetle; Clown beetle Scientific Name: Hister spp. 2008. O. rhinoceros adults feed in the crown region of both coconut and oil palm. Saprinus Hister Beetle: 1 of 1. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 149:127-134. Part IV – clown beetles (Histeridae) and false clown beetles (Sphaeritidae), The insects and arachnids of Canada. 1996; Rueda and Axtell 1997; Tobin and Pitts 1999; Hinton and Moon 2003; Larson et al. 1983; Fletcher et al. Carcinops pumilio was originally described in the genus Paromalus from a series of specimens collected in Spain, North America, and Egypt (Erichson 1834). There are more than 400 species of May beetles (Phyllophaga spp.) The name Coleoptera means "sheathed wing," referring to the hardened and thickened fore wings which are used as a sheath to cover the more delicate membranous hind wings. Scientific Name: The most common North American species are in the genus Lucanus. Coleoptera taken from bait-traps. Image courtesy of . A summarized list of synonyms of Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) is given below (following Mazur 1997; Bousquet and Laplante 2006; Lackner et al. Bird nest associations of Carcinops pumilio in North America. p. 83-208. The screen is fine enough to exclude the omnivorous lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer). A) View from above. Country Music and Love Go Together! Image courtesy of . Hister beetle, (family Histeridae), any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. (1991) found a shorter total development time of 34.1 days on average at 25.5°C. University of Hawaii Insect Museum Online Database: Coleoptera (UHIM). Vector map of the world provided for free by freevectormaps.com (WRLD-EPS-01-0013). Journal of Applied Ecology 5: 563-574. Louisiana State Arthropod Museum (LSAM). No. Total development time from egg to adult is slightly longer for females (42.3 days on average) than males (40 days on average) (Morgan et al. Stephens’s (1835) book was published in parts, at separate times, but was labeled as being published in 1832 (see Méquignon 1944 and Blackwelder 1949). 2006. Picture of the Hister Beetle (hister-beetle.jpg) Hister Beetle Image. Investigation of stored-product insect pests and their natural enemies in Chichijima Island, Ogasawara (Bonin), Japan [in Japanese]. 1932. 2011; Borowski and Mazur 2015). Manure pit under a cage-layered poultry house. The order Coleoptera consists of the beetles and weevils. Hister beetle, (family Histeridae), any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. Symptoms Top of page. These tiny black beetles can be found making homes anywhere and out of anything. Food-, temperature- and crowding mediated laboratory dispersal of. Carcinops pumilio, adult specimen. Country-level locality records for Carcinops pumilio. Common. Record of two species of Histeridae new to the North American Fauna, Histerid beetles (Coleoptera: Histeridae) of Louisiana, Flotation methods for extracting insects from poultry manure samples, http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/insectmuseum/holdings/Coleoptera_revised_2010.htm, The histerid beetles of New Caledonia (Coleoptera: Histeridae), Trophic structure of the community in the guano of the evening bat, Catalogue of the Coleopterous Insects of Madeira in the Collection of the British Museum, Catalogue of the Coleopterous Insects of the Canaries in the Collection of the British Museum, Coleoptera Atlantidum, being an Enumeration of the Coleopterous Insects of the Madeiras, Salvages, and Canaries, Australia: Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia, Redtenbacher 1858; GBIF 2012; Lackner et al. Parasitoid wasp species that attack fly pupae, including Muscidifurax raptorellus Kogan and Legner, can be used along with Carcinops pumilio in a house fly IPM program in poultry houses (Kaufman et al. The mesh bags hanging from the rafters contained the parasitoid wasp Muscidifurax raptorellus for release as augmentative biological control agents of house flies. 2001a). Kaufman PE, Long SJ, Rutz DA, Glenister CS. Takahashi K, Ohbayashi T, Sota N. 2000. These beetles are associated with wheat and flour storage and production. insect any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. Select an environment to see its hister beetles species checklist. An outstanding monograph of the Australopacific Region’s saprinine hister beetles supported by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. Saprinus spp. pp. Walker JJ. Studies have examined whether various IPM regimes for control of house flies can negatively affect beneficial Carcinops pumilio. Populations of Carcinops pumilio augmented with attractant-based traps collected individuals that will likely grow more quickly than those augmented with black-light trapped individuals (Kaufman et al. 2016. Histeridae has two common names, the “Clown” beetle and the “Hister” beetle. Changes in the arthropod fauna of an experimental bulk of stored wheat. Wroclaw, Poland. Termites . Entomologists usually avoid calling them “June bugs” because “bug,” in its technical sense, refers to a completely different group of insects that are not beetles. Majka CG, Klimaszewski J, Lauff RF. Further experiments conducted in poultry houses suggested that beetles can be Salmonella reservoirs in these settings, but this is likely not the case for Campylobacter (Skov et al. 2006. 2015, People's Republic of China: Beijing, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Bajerlein et al. It is found in North America. Unable to supplement their natural beetle populations commercially, poultry producers may be tempted to capture and move established beetles into poultry houses with lower numbers, such as facilities recently cleaned of their manure pack (Kaufman et al. Size: quite small, often less than half an inch. Laboratory experiments determined that Salmonella-inoculated Carcinops pumilio can harbor the bacterium externally and internally for up to two weeks (Gray et al. Carcinops pumilio is considered an important biological control agent of house flies (Musca domestica Linnaeus) in caged-layer poultry houses (Figure 5 and Figure 6). Morgan PB, Patterson RS, Weidhass DE. Figure 4. The left row of manure has been recently removed. The scientific name of the beetle is Coleoptera. Insect Keys . 1932. 2015. Any beetle of the genus Hister or (in later use) the family Histeridae, typically having an oval, hard, shiny black body (sometimes with red or orange markings) and clubbed, geniculate antennae, and most commonly living in decaying animal and plant material and dung. Joy NH. Carcinops pumilio cannot be raised in large enough numbers for the species to be commercially available for purchase. Like flies, they go through complete development (larval stage to adult form), so studying their development can be useful in determining how long they have been on a body. As its name suggests, drugstore beetles love to … The environments in which many hister beetles species are known to live. 2001a. insect any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. Paromalus pumilio Erichson, 1834
The species was transferred to the new genus Carcinops by Marseul (1855), and the classificatio… The taxonomic history of this hister beetle is complicated and marked by confusion of the scientific names Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) and Carcinops quattuordecimstriata (Stephens) that stems from uncertainty surrounding the publication dates of these. U.S. Department of Agriculture. The arrow indicates the large, sickle-shaped apex of the mandibles. Bajerlein D, Matuszewski S, Konwerski S. 2011. Predators and parasitoids of house flies and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) in cattle confinements in west central Nebraska. Photograph by Phillip E. Kaufman, University of Florida. Characteristic to these beetles is that the elytra is short and exposes the last two segments of … insect any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. Taxonomy of the tribe Paromalini Reitter (Coleoptera: Histeridae, Dendrophilinae) from China. Hister bissexstriatus Fabricius, 1801. A summarized list of synonyms of Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) is given below (following Mazur 1997; Bousquet and Laplante 2006; Lackner et al. 2000). 2015, Portugal: mainland, Azores, and Madeira Archipelago, Wollaston 1857, 1865; GBIF 2012; Lackner et al. The taxonomic history of this hister beetle is complicated and marked by confusion of the scientific names Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) and Carcinops quattuordecimstriata (Stephens) that stems from uncertainty surrounding the publication dates of these. Black-light trapping (better from March to June) and attractant-based traps (better from June to August) are both effective for collecting Carcinops pumilio for this purpose (Kaufman et al. ... Scientific Names . Some species occur under bark in dead trees, whereas others burrow in sand or live… These conditions are excellent for fly development if manure moisture is not minimized. A descriptive account of the families, genera, and species indigenous to Great Britain and Ireland with notes as to localities, habitats, etc. Notes: These beetles are harmless, although the females can deliver a pinch with their short, sharp mandibles. Histeridae de México. Coleoptera Histeridae, Annotated list of the insects and mites associated with stored grain and cereal products, and of their arthropod parasites and predators, Field infestation of wheat by insects attacking it in farm storage. "Peg" beetle is likely from the appearance of the beetle protruding from its excavation in a log, like a carpenter's peg. ): Chewing mouthparts They are shiny black, oval, and from 0.5 to 10 mm (0.02 to 0.4 inch) long. Species Hister abbreviatus. Below are descriptions of the life stages of Carcinops pumilio. Compounding the challenge of large numbers of eggs being laid are that biological control agents are limited in abundance, largely having been removed with the manure during cleanout. The Histeridae associated with stored products. Paromalus pumilio (Erichson, 1834) As a biological control agent, Carcinops pumilio has attracted research attention due to its voracious appetite for fly pests of poultry production. Coleoptera from a granary at Reading. 76-130. ), Frost and Dietrich 1929; Cotton and Winburn 1941; Thompson 1966; Legner and Olton 1970; Pfeiffer and Axtell 1980; Bernath and Kunz 1981; Leech 1983; Propp and Morgan 1985; Geden et al. California Academy of Sciences Entomology General Collection Database (CAS). However, beetles collected with attractant-based traps may be in better condition than those collected with black-lights (Kaufman et al. Attribution. Phelister nanus (LeConte, 1845)
Histeridae is a family of beetles commonly known as Clown beetles or Hister beetles.This very diverse group of beetles contains 3,900 species found worldwide. These beetles are also found in the nests of wild birds. 2015, Marseul 1862; Wenzel 1955; GBIF 2012; Lackner et al. Size: Up to two inches in length. 1983). The species was transferred to the new genus Carcinops by Marseul (1855), and the classification of the species in the genus Carcinops was accepted by most subsequent historical authors (Marseul 1862; Gemminger and Harold 1868; Ganglbauer 1899; Lewis 1905; Reitter 1909; Kolbe 1910; Scott 1913; Bickhardt 1910, 1917; Blackwelder 1944). Kaufman PE, Long SJ, Rutz DA, Glenister CS. A Hister Beetle Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Histeridae: Dendrophilinae: Paromalini) 2 valid scientific name for this hister beetle. 2015, Takahashi et al. 2015, Canada: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Legner and Olton 1970; Arriagada S. 1986; Retamales et al. Some research, however, has investigated whether beetles can be reservoirs for the bacteria Salmonella enterica (the cause of salmonellosis in humans) and Campylobacter species (most common bacterial cause of food poisoning in the US) (Gray et al. Transactions of the Entomological Society of the South of England 7: 81-140. Illustration by Matthew R. Moore, University of Florida. Geden CJ, Stoffolano Jr. JG. The arrow indicates the characteristic arcuate (curved, bow-like) shape of the front tibia in Carcinops pumilio. These beetles are commonly encountered in manure pits between 21° and 27°C (Achiano and Giliomee 2006a). Global distribution of the hister beetle, Carcinops pumilio (Erichson). Hister Beetle (Acritus spp.) (6 January 2017). Bulletin of Entomological Research 35: 309-340. Generic Name: Hister: Scientific Name: Hister mongol Sokolov, 2012: Name Published In: Sokolov, Alexander V., 2012: The description of new species Hister (Coleoptera: Histeridae) from Mongolia and the new data on distribution of hister beetles in territory of the former USSR. Description. Pin By João Teixeira On Instituto De Educação Socioambiental . Gielis C, Nunen F van, Solleveld P. 2014. For example, South African poultry producers can allow manure to accumulate for 2-3 years underneath two-storied cage units before the collection pit is cleaned out (Achiano and Giliomee 2006a). Dorsal view of the head of an adult Carcinops pumilio. The beetle has too much appearance similarity with the true bugs. On oil palms they bore through petiole bases into the central unopened leaves. Genus Hister. Beetle Scientific Name: Coleoptera. Modern, high-density poultry production results in the buildup of manure in pits underneath hen cages. Carcinops pumilio can be found in some stored goods, food and animal by-products, and animal remains where it is a predator on other insects. When adult house fly numbers are high, a portion of the fly population may disperse from the poultry facility and accumulate at nearby residential areas, potentially causing conflict at this agricultural-urban interface. A new haplotype of the coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros, has escaped biological control by Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus and is invading Pacific Islands. Histeridae was named by Leonard Gyllenhaal. Hister was also used by the classical poet Juvenal to mean a low or dirty individual. Poultry houses with newly cleaned manure pits may benefit from the release of black-light captured beetles that will readily disperse throughout a facility (Kaufman et al. References Habitat: Larvae live in rotten wood; adults often fly to lights at night. Eggs range from 0.65 mm to 0.92 mm in length (Geden and Stoffolano 1987). Hister nanus LeConte, 1845
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