"We're exploring all options for next steps," said Angelo Amador, executive director of the Restaurant Law Center in Washington, D.C. "We'll make a decision before the next deadline.". Using an automated solution takes the time and stress out of predictive scheduling for both you and your managers. For more information, visit https://www.jacksonlewis.com. By Jeffrey W. Brecher, Richard I. Greenberg, Jonathan M. Kozak, Craig S. Roberts and Noel P. Tripp. Need help with a specific HR issue like coronavirus or FLSA? $("span.current-site").html("SHRM MENA "); In Seattle, managers cutting hours are still required to pay half of the employee’s wages for those hours. Note: Employers cannot punish, penalize, retaliate, or take any action against employees that might stop or deter them from exercising their rights under the law. }); if($('.container-footer').length > 1){ The proposed regulations amend the wage order covering miscellaneous industries and occupations (which encompasses most employers other than restaurants and hotels and includes non-profit entities that have not opted out of wage order coverage). Secure scheduling laws require employers to notify employees of their rights under the law. You have successfully saved this page as a bookmark. Retail employers with 20 or more employees will be required to do the following: Provide employees with a written work schedule at least 72 hours in advance of the first shift on the schedule. The New York City Council and Mayor Bill de Blasio approved five employee-scheduling laws—related to breaks between shifts, predictable hours, on-call scheduling and more—which took effect on Nov. 26, 2017. Please note that all such forms and policies should be reviewed by your legal counsel for compliance with applicable law, and should be modified to suit your organization’s culture, industry, and practices. Schedules must include at least 7 calendar days with dates, shift start and end times, and location(s) of all shifts. Thus, employers no longer will be permitted to instruct employees not to come to work because business is slow or they are overstaffed without additional pay to employees. There is no deadline for the NYSDOL to issue final regulations, but it is expected that they will be issued in early 2019. var currentUrl = window.location.href.toLowerCase(); DCA’s OLPS enforces NYC’s Fair Workweek Law, which took effect on November 26, 2017. We help employers develop proactive strategies, strong policies and business-oriented solutions to cultivate high-functioning workforces that are engaged, stable and diverse, and share our clients' goals to emphasize inclusivity and respect for the contribution of every employee. Your session has expired. In addition to a poster in the workplace, employers are usually required to provide notice upon hiring a new employee and in the employee handbook. The regulations also do not apply to workers who are excluded generally from coverage under the amended wage orders (e.g., executive, administrative, and professional employees) or those covered by a collective bargaining agreement that provides for call-in pay. The problem is that restaurant managers must consider dozens of variables when they develop a shift schedule. Predictive Scheduling. These new predictive schedule laws underscore the importance for qualifying businesses to consider an automated timekeeping system that syncs the timeclock with a scheduling module and other features. However, depending on the state you’re in, the exact details differ but the idea is generally the same. Three industry groups are challenging New York City’s year-old predictive scheduling law, saying state labor law governs restaurant employee scheduling and … New York City’s law will take effect November 2017.San Francisco employers must: 1. These laws typically require employers to: Give good faith estimations of likely hours on hiring View key toolkits, policies, research and more on HR topics that matter to you. Neither members nor non-members may reproduce such samples in any other way (e.g., to republish in a book or use for a commercial purpose) without SHRM’s permission. Employers operating in a jurisdiction with a predictive scheduling law in place should first determine whether they qualify as a “covered employer” under the applicable law. Given the recent rise in popularity of these laws, it is important for employers to understand what these laws are, where they are most likely to encounter them, and what steps they can take to make sure they're abreast of the most up-to-date compliance strategies. Ultimately, fair work schedule laws help reduce staff turnover and create happy, loyal customers. The proposed regulations on predictive scheduling will require employers, among other things, to provide “call-in pay” (ranging from two to four hours at the minimum wage) if: The proposed regulations provide several exceptions to some or all of its requirements. Under the proposed regulations, if employees are required to work a shift that has not been scheduled at least 14 days in advance of the shift, the employee will be entitled to an additional two hours of call-in pay at the minimum wage. Employers must post the employee schedule in advance, somewhere between 7 … Provide employee schedules at least 2 weeks in advance; 2. Individuals who do not meet the regulations’ definition of “employee” remain excluded from the predictive scheduling requirement. Those whose shifts are canceled with less than 72 hours’ notice must be paid four hours of “call-in pay” at the minimum wage. ©2020 Jackson Lewis P.C. "This city regulation takes nothing away from what the state government has done.". Predictive scheduling lets restaurant workers enjoy a better work/life balance, which in turn makes them happier, more productive employees. Exclusions include the following: The proposed regulations also have a new “safe harbor” provision not contained in the original proposed regulations that allows an employer to assign an employee to cover a shift without additional call-in pay for an “unscheduled shift” if employer provides a good faith estimate of scheduled hours to employees upon hiring and if: (1) the request to cover the new or previously scheduled shift is either made by the employee whose shift would be covered; or (2) is made by the employer in a written communication to a group of employees requesting a volunteer from among the group and identifying a reasonable deadline for responses. (3) ... any new employee during the first two weeks of employment; or (ii) any employee who volunteers to cover a new shift or a previously scheduled shift. Fast-food and retail employers in New York City must comply with both the city's predictable-scheduling law and the state's wage and hour laws, according to a recent court ruling. Fast-food and retail employers in New York City must comply with both the city's predictable-scheduling law and the state's wage and hour laws, according to … Predictive scheduling laws reduce uncertainty and are beneficial to restaurant employers as well as workers — happy employees mean happy customers. New York City Predictive Scheduling Law On November 26, 2017, New York City’s “Fair Workweek” legislation went into effect, which is a collective of laws aimed to protect fast food and retail workers. The New York State Department of Labor (NYSDOL) has issued sweeping proposed regulations addressing worker scheduling practices that will affect most employers in the state (though employers covered by the Hospitality Wage Order — hotels and restaurants — are not covered by the current proposed regulations). Under the proposed regulations, if an employee reports to work and is sent home, the employer must pay the non-exempt employee at least four hours (at the minimum wage), unless the employee is scheduled to work less than four hours, in which case, the employer must pay the employee for the number of hours the employee is scheduled to work. Consider tossing the spreadsheets to increase the happiness of your employees and potentially prevent falling out of … Secure Scheduling COVID-19 Q & A. It is not intended to constitute legal advice nor does it create a client-lawyer relationship between Jackson Lewis and any recipient. These laws … Employees whose duties are directly dependent on weather conditions, whose duties are necessary to protect the health or safety of the public or any person, or whose assignment are subject to work orders or work order cancellations also are excluded from the new requirements (other than the new version of the preexisting Show-Up Pay requirement). Members can get help with HR questions via phone, chat or email. Please confirm that you want to proceed with deleting bookmark. 2021 Programs Now Available! The proposed regulations, however, eliminates that exception, and covered employees, regardless of their wage rate, will be entitled to show-up pay if they report to work and are sent home. } }. Predictive scheduling is when the employer provides their employees with their work schedule well in advance. "Consistent and predictable schedules make life better for all of us, and we are pleased the court has upheld this critically important city law," said New York City Corporation Counsel James Johnson. But Engoron disagreed. In November 2017, the New York State Department of Labor (NYSDOL) issued a proposed predictive scheduling rule that would have imposed various call-in pay requirements when shifts are scheduled or cancelled on short notice or when employees are on call. Make sure to also train your managers promptly on both the new laws and your new scheduling software to ensure everyone is following protocol. The New York State Department of Labor (NYSDOL) has issued sweeping proposed regulations addressing worker scheduling practices that will affect most employers in the state (though employers covered by the Hospitality Wage Order — hotels and restaurants — are not covered by the current proposed regulations). An employee who is required to be in contact with the employer within 72 hours before the start of the shift to confirm whether to report to work also must be paid four hours of “call-in pay” at the minimum wage. On December 12, 2018, the NYSDOL issued a revised proposed rule containing numerous revisions based on feedback from the … While this is still a newer law, it will continue to be refined into 2022. The public will have 30 days (until January 11, 2019) to submit comments. This material is provided for informational purposes only. How new fair work schedule laws affect restaurants Employees who earn more than 40 times the minimum wage during the week are excluded from most of the new requirements (but not the requirement for show-up pay). Make no changes to the employee schedule with less than seven days notice; changes made past that deadline … Predictive scheduling laws have added a new wrinkle to wage and hour compliance, but as with many areas of employment law, the requirements vary between states and localities. Kate Brown signed S.B. Following a series of public hearings in late 2017, the Department of Labor issued proposed regulations to address what is commonly identified as "just-in-time," "call-in" or "on-call" scheduling. The NYSDOL issued its first round of proposed regulations more than a year ago, following Governor Andrew Cuomo’s direction in September 2017 to hold public hearings on employee scheduling laws. Members may download one copy of our sample forms and templates for your personal use within your organization. Employers require non-exempt employees to report to work but then send them home. The regulations do not provide further details regarding who this would cover; presumably, sanitation workers who plow snow, workers who work on the beach, and construction workers who are unable to work due to weather conditions or customer changes would be among those covered. San Francisco was the first to enact scheduling regulations with its Formula Retail Employee Rights Ordinance in 2014. In Washington, DC, schedules must be posted 21 days in advance. The International Franchise Association, New York State Restaurant Association, and the Restaurant Law Center argued that New York City's law is pre-empted by state laws on employee scheduling and wage payments. Employees who volunteer for an unscheduled shift are excluded from the Unscheduled Shift requirement, and the regulation lays out the framework for a process to document voluntariness in this regard. While many laws only apply to certain employers in the restaurant and retail industries, other laws have a more expansive definition of “covered employer.” To learn more about our time and attendance solutions - or just to speak with an expert - click the link below. Affirmative Action Compliance and OFCCP Defense, Corporate Governance and Internal Investigations, Non-Competes and Protection Against Unfair Competition, Disability Access Litigation and Compliance, Drug Testing and Substance Abuse Management, Four Ways Manufacturing Employers Can Reduce Risk of Class Action Litigation, New Colorado Overtime and Minimum Pay Standards Order #37 Revises Exemptions and More, Final Part of Chicago’s Predictive Scheduling Law to Go Into Effect in 2021. Governor Andrew M. Cuomo today announced the State Labor Department is advancing regulations on "just in time", "call-in" or "on-call" scheduling, common practices that allow employers to schedule or cancel workers' shifts just hours before or even after they start. 828 in 2017. The current law requires employers to provide written work schedules at least seven days in advance, but as of July 1, 2020, that requirement will jump to 14 days in advance. Your employer must give you your written work schedule at least 14 days before your first shift in the schedule. In New York, cutting an employee’s hours last-minute incurs a $75 fine. The New York City predictive scheduling law takes effect on November 26, 2017. Fair workweek laws, also known as “predictive scheduling laws,” are relatively new phenomena throughout the United States. Designed to improve the work/life quality for restaurant workers, predictive scheduling laws require employers to set their employees’ schedules (a certain amount of time, depending on the jurisdiction) two weeks in advance and subsequently penalize employers (to the paid benefit of the employees) who change those schedules without sufficient notice. Law applies to fast-food and retail workers. Work schedules must be given to employees days or weeks before their shifts begin. Find your peers in SHRM's online community. Wonder how you might do on a SHRM-CP or SHRM-SCP exam? Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. In the Governor’s press release first announcing the need for regulations, for example, the Governor stated that some employers treat employees like “integers in an algorithm, allowing employers to adjust staffing levels in real time, calling workers in to meet unexpected customer demand, and sending them home early when store traffic is light.”. Predictive work schedule laws—also known as ‘Fair Workweek’ regulations—promote fairer scheduling practices, require that companies give employees sufficient notice of work schedules and enforce penalties for late schedule changes. Thus, employers no longer will be permitted to require employees to work additional shifts without 14 days’ advanced notice without additional pay. provides a weekly schedule, 14-day period referenced in this section may be measured from the last day of the schedule. New York law already requires four hours of pay at the minimum wage for those who report to work, but not if the employee’s regular rates are sufficiently above the minimum wage so that the amount earned by the employee in excess of the minimum wage is more than the show-up pay required. Join hundreds of workplace leaders in Washington, D.C. and virtually March 22-24, 2021. $('.container-footer').first().hide(); Covered employers should begin a thorough review of their policies on compensation and staffing to determine the impact the proposed regulations may have on scheduling policies and the potential additional costs that might result from the regulations, both in increased payments to workers and costs of administration. Covered employers in the Big Apple, therefore, must continue to ensure that their policies and practices align with employee-scheduling rules outlined in the 2017 Fair Workweek Law. Qualifying employers in regions with Predictive Scheduling laws will want to take a look at their scheduling practices. This blog focuses on the provisions for retail workers. } else if(currentUrl.indexOf("/about-shrm/pages/shrm-mena.aspx") > -1) { Employees subject to a collective bargaining agreement that “expressly provides for call-in pay” are not covered. While not a law in California, other states and local cities have passed scheduling mandates that require employers to set schedules for employees well in advance, and if the employer changes the schedules within a certain time frame, the employer must pay a penalty for the change. If the schedule changes, your employer must contact all affected workers within 24 hours, or as soon as possible. For example, the NYC Fair Workweek Law prohibits certain retail employers from requiring employees to work on-call, while the proposed regulations merely impose a penalty for such. Recipients should consult with counsel before taking any actions based on the information contained within this material. To request permission for specific items, click on the “reuse permissions” button on the page where you find the item. While predictive scheduling laws differ from place to place, they follow a similar set of rules: Employers must post the schedule in advance, usually between 7 to 14 days before the first scheduled shift Extra pay is given to employees if an employer changes the schedule after the posted schedule The proposed Schedules That Work Act—which has not passed in prior legislative sessions—would require employers to provide retail, food service and cleaning service employees with their schedules in advance and to pay premiums when schedules are changed, when employees report to work but are sent home, and when they work back-to-back shifts. Important Notice *Special Notice Regarding Secure Scheduling and COVID-19 Employers covered by the Secure Scheduling Ordinance do not need to provide premium pay for schedule changes if business operations cannot begin or continue due to recommendation of a public official, including public health officials. Employers do not provide non-exempt employees 14 days’ advance notice of their work shift; Employers cancel employee shifts without at least 14 days’ advance notice; Employers require employees to work “on-call”; or. The key to predictive scheduling is advanced notice. The proposed regulations provide a series of exclusions from these new requirements, some broader in scope than others. Predictive scheduling laws are specifically targeted to businesses in industries where on-call scheduling, hourly employees and minimum wage employees are most common. Employees who are required to be “on-call” (i.e., available to report to work) must be paid four hours of “call-in pay” at the minimum wage. Employees whose shifts are canceled without at least 14 days’ notice must be paid two hours of “call-in pay” at the minimum wage. Please enable scripts and reload this page. $("span.current-site").html("SHRM China "); This material may be considered attorney advertising in some jurisdictions. Employers often blend the two approaches by creating policies with some "universal" provisions and limiting the most burdensome practices to specific regions, she added. But restaurants must … Please log in as a SHRM member before saving bookmarks. The proposed regulations are expected to be published in the New York State Register on December 12, 2019. But the bill, passed in the 2016 session, does require employers to consider employee requests for more flexible schedules. The most essential requirements for employers can be found below. We've rounded up articles and resources from SHRM Online and other trusted media outlets on predictable scheduling laws. ​Find news & resources on specialized workplace topics. The law … In doing so, employers should also carefully analyze the exceptions. The new predictive scheduling law requires certain industry employers to provide employees advanced notice of work schedules. Please log in as a SHRM member. How to Address Predictable Scheduling Laws. Opponents of predictable-scheduling laws, however, argue that such laws limit flexibility by, for example, making it harder for employers to find someone to cover a shift for a worker who needs to take time off with little notice. The regulations do not expressly discuss the impact of these state regulations on already-implemented laws also governing predictive scheduling such as the NYC Fair Workweek Law. This can … The law covers workers regardless of immigration status. What If FFCRA Expires at the End of the Year? Seattle’s Secure Scheduling Ordinance and Emeryville and California’s Fair Workweek Ordinances took effect July of this year. Oregon became the first state to approve a scheduling law when Gov. State Trial Judge Arthur Engoron dismissed a lawsuit on Feb. 18, finding that the city's scheduling regulation isn't pre-empted by state law. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. 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