Common knotweed, Polygonum arenastrum, is also known as wiregrass, wireweed, matweed or doorweed. Narrowleaf knotweed - Polygonum bellardii. Please help us meet this … Synonyms. microspermum (Jord. The key uses only the summer fruits, which are smaller, and brown to black, while the late-season fruits are olive green in color and significantly larger. If not for the wooly, boulder-sized beasts that once roamed North America in vast herds, ancient people might have looked past the little barley that grew under those thundering hooves. This plant is one of several seed crops referred to as the Eastern Agricultural Complex, a pre-maize agricultural system that supported … Polygonum balansae. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum sp. Abstract This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America. Photographs by Gail E. Wagner. Often confused with Japanese knotweed. 1783; Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman 1912; Polygonum monspeliense Thiébaud in Persoon 1805; Polygonum rectum (Chrtek) Scholz 1959; International Common Names There are an estimated 5,000 type specimens. Chrtek 1956; Polygonum erectum Roth. Polygonum biaristatum. Achenes enclosed in perianth, brown to tan, ovate, 3-gonous, 2.3–3.5 mm, faces subequal, ± concave, apex not beaked, edges concave, dull, striate-tubercled; late-season achenes uncommon, 4–5 mm. This is a rare morphology for P. aviculare subsp. If not for the wooly, boulder-sized beasts that once roamed North America in vast herds, ancient people might have looked past the little barley that grew under those thundering hooves. Bistorta bistortoides, is a perennial herb in the genus Polygonum. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. We hold a major collection of moss specimens from western Illinois, as well as a set of Opuntia fragilis specimens that document most areas where it grows in the midwest. It was formerly confused with P. achoreum (T. R. Mertens and P. H. Raven 1965). Polygonum assamicum. Polygonum erectum. Polygonum hydropiper) is a plant of the family Polygonaceae. It is a variety of the English one - Polygonum aviculare, and has similar properties. Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum) has been recently been identified as a prehistoric domestic crop, though there has long been evidence for its long-term cultivation and use as a preshitoric food source.Comparison of archaeobotanical samples to modern wild populations shows a clear difference in seed germination inhibition, a phenotypic marker of domestication. monspeliense (Thiéb.) Polygonaceae. Pedicels mostly exserted from ocreae, 3–7 mm. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as an accepted name (record 26000074) with original publication details: Sp. Additionally, wild, annual sunflowers (Helianthus annuus) and woolly beans (Strophostyles helvola) should be present in the general area of Kansas City. buxiforme achenes was also relatively convex. About | > 1614-1617 [as Polygonum erectum L.] Data retrieved on: 19 September 2019 depressum : B1. Plants light green or yellowish, heterophyllous. 718-782: 757: 757 In: 14th annual Society for Ethnobiology Conference, St. Louis. 2017. aviculare . microspermum (Jord. This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America. Fragment of plant, B2. Herb latin name: Hypericum erectum Family: Hypericaceae (St. John's Wort Family) Medicinal use of Hypericum erectum: The leaves and flowering tops are galactogogue. Mueller, N.G. Polygonum floribus octandris trigynis axillaribus, foliis ovalibus, caule erecto herbaceo. CAS_BIOLOGICAL_SCIENCES Common names include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, smartweed and several others. Polygonum bargusinense. 358. Species Details; Observations; Maps; Photos; Sounds; Statistics; On/in; Names; I've seen this species! wireweed. Polygonum erectum (POLER) Polygonum glaucum (POLGL) Polygonum humifusum (POLHU) Polygonum libani (POLLI) Polygonum maackianum (POLMA) Polygonum maritimum (POLMR) Polygonum minuta (POLMN) Polygonum molliiforme (POLMO) Polygonum neglectum (POLNG) Polygonum … Brown. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Polygonum erectum Jarvis, Charlie, 2007, Chapter 7: Linnaean Plant Names and their Types (part P), Order out of Chaos. erectum (L.) Roth ex Meisn. By the time of European colonization, several of these locally domesticated crops had apparently fallen out of use and were thus lost In Chinese medicine, a Polygonum extract called Rèlínqīng Kēlì (热林清颗粒) … Stems erect to ascending, sparingly branched in distal 1/2, not wiry, 15–75 cm. Linnaean Plant Types and their Types, London: Linnaean Society of London in association with the Natural History Museum, pp. Polygonum ramosissimum and P. achoreum smooth morph achenes have concave faces and a deflated appearance. Pages in category "Flora of Canada" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 268 total. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. (previous 200) () Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) is another Polygonum species that is found in Illinois. Polygonum erectum (Erect Knotweed) is a species of annual herb in the family Polygonaceae. Original material of Polygonum aviculare L. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum erectum L. [family POLYGONACEAE], Neotype of Polygonum erectum L. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum buxifolium Nutt. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. Polygonum erectum erect knotweed Polygonum extremiorientale far-eastern smartweed Polygonum fowleri Fowler's knotweed Polygonum glabrum denseflower knotweed Polygonum glaucum seaside knotweed ... Infrequently used as cover: Minor: 2-5% of diet: Sparsely used as cover: Moderate: This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1802129. Archaeobotanical remains from big Loose Creek. Media in category "Polygonum erectum" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. This plant is one of several seed crops referred to as the Eastern Agricultural Complex, a Myers Herbarium contains more than 75,000 specimens, of which most are from western Illinois or southeastern Iowa. Polygonum baicalense. Polygonum. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. The U.S. National Science Foundation and iDigBio are required to collect information on use of digitized collections-based specimen data. The Plant List. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1802129. My Account | Accessibility Statement, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License. Polygonum erectum was cultivated in the midwest by Native Americans for its starchy seeds (C. M. Scarry 1993). It is one of the four small starchy seeds of the pre-maize quartet, which also includes chenopod, maygrass, and little barley. Polygonum erectum, commonly called erect knotweed, is a North American species of herbaceous plant in the buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). HERBARIUM_ALL But the […] 2000 BP, its domesticated subspecies Polygonum erectum ssp. Sep 15, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Tracey Taylor. Polygonum basiramium. Distribution and uses. For example, Buckwheat has sometimes been included in the genus. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. It is a photoautotroph. Polygonum erectum Jarvis, Charlie, 2007, Chapter 7: Linnaean Plant Names and their Types (part P), Order out of Chaos. Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) Erect knotweed was cultivated in ancient Iowa and may have been domesticated. schematic representation of habit. It flowers and fruits throughout the summer and into the fall until a killing frost. Polygonum erectum L. Erect Knotweed. Abstract. The stems are rich in tannin and are used in the treatment of arthritis, lumbago, neuralgia and rheumatism. monspeliense (Thiéb.) 718-782: 757: 757: Polygonum aviculare An illustrated guide to the flowering plants of the middle Atlantic and New England states (excepting the grasses and sedges) the descriptive text written in familiar language (1910) (14782884275).jpg 1,468 … 5, renouée coriace, Flora of North America Vol. buxiforme and a very common one for P. erectum (see Table 3). Acacia nilotica Free E books of Medicinal Plants secrete behind the Avocado now reveled List of Medicinal Plants in America TOXIC PLANTS IN TRADITIONAL INDIAN SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE > view more Credit Image: Natalie Mueller Blame it on the bison. There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. No synonyms exist for this species. Flowers closed; perianth 2.8–3.8(–4.2) mm; tube 20–37% of perianth length; tepals overlapping, green with yellowish, rarely whitish green, margins, sepaloid, not keeled, oblong to obovate, cucullate; midveins branched, moderately to heavily thickened; stamens 7–8. Leaves: ocrea 7–12 mm, proximal part cylindric, distal part usually persistent, with strong veins, margins entire or lacerate, silvery, later disintegrating into ± persistent brown fibers; petiole 1–5 mm; blade light green or yellowish, elliptic to obovate, 30–60(–80) × (8–)10–25 mm, margins flat, apex obtuse; stem leaves 1.5–3.5(–4) times longer than branch leaves; distal leaves overtopping flowers in distal part of inflorescence. 8. It was formerly confused with P. achoreum (T. R. Mertens and P. H. Raven 1965). > Polygonum erectum is the only species that produces a majority of plump, smooth morphs, although a small minority of smooth P. aviculare subsp. Polygonum aviculare L. var. Discover (and save!) It is found primarily in the northeastern and north-central parts of the United States, but with scattered populations in other parts of the US and also in Canada. Blame it on the bison. This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America. 1783; Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman 1912; Polygonum monspeliense Thiébaud in Persoon 1805; Polygonum rectum (Chrtek) Scholz 1959; International Common Names This study uses morphometrics and digital image analysis to document domestication syndrome in an annual seed crop, Polygonum erectum L. (erect knotweed), which was cultivated by Native Americans for c. 2,500 years in eastern North America.This plant is one of several seed crops referred to as the Eastern Agricultural Complex, a pre-maize agricultural system that supported … Approx. Taxonavigation . The report of this species in CT by Magee and Ahles (1999) is based on a specimen of Polygonum buxiforme— Ahles 85330 ( MASS! erect knotweed. B. Polygonum aviculare subsp. Polygonum erectum was cultivated in the midwest by Native Americans for its starchy seeds (C. M. Scarry 1993). Polygonum erectum (POLER) Polygonum glaucum (POLGL) Polygonum humifusum (POLHU) Polygonum libani (POLLI) Polygonum maackianum (POLMA) Polygonum maritimum (POLMR) Polygonum minuta (POLMN) Polygonum molliiforme (POLMO) Polygonum neglectum (POLNG) Polygonum … Common Name Index A MODERN HERBAL Home Page All Rights Reserved. It is an annual species that is native to Europe that has established itself throughout most of the United States and Canada. Angiosperms. Polygonum erectum smooth achenes, like the Whitney Bluff achenes, almost always have convex faces when mature, giving them a plump appearance in comparison to the other species (Fig. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily … Proudly powered by WeeblyWeebly Distribution Map. Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum) The most ornamental of the knotweeds and shorter than Bohemian or giant. Photo: American bison at the Joseph H. Williams Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in Oklahoma. Erect Knotweed has simple, broad leaves. [family POLYGONACEAE], Filed as Polygonum erectum [family POLYGONACEAE], Blake’s knotweed, Flora of North America Vol. It was formerly confused with P. achoreum (T. R. Mertens and P. H. Raven 1965). your own Pins on Pinterest The variety Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak", is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. “Evolutionary Bet-Hedgers Under Cultivation: Investigating the Domestication of Erect Knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) using Growth Experiments.” Human Ecology 45(2):189-203. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License, https://sernecportal.org/portal/collections/individual/index.php?occid=11299740. Polygonum erectum. Polygonum erectum Roth Common names Erect knotweed in language. Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum) New research from Washington University in St. Louis helps flesh out the origin story for the so-called “lost crops.” These plants may have fed as many Indigenous people as maize, but until the 1930s had been lost to history. “Carbonization, Differential Preservation, and Sampling Biases in Domestication Studies: An Erect Knotweed (Polygonum erectum L.) Case Study. 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Ri, VT species in the genus Polygonum of herbarium specimens found at the of.: Polygonum aviculare, and little barley licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License,:. ; names ; I 've seen this species, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, smartweed and several others concave... Habitat in Philadelphia, enata ex seminibus D. Kalmii ] Since the,! Or oral histories attest to the methods used in the Middle English glossary of Alphita... ), sep-oct ( fall ) the most common invasive knotweed in western Washington, archaeologists have been.. Scarry 1993 ) treatment of arthritis, lumbago, neuralgia and rheumatism an annual species is! More than 75,000 specimens, of which most are from western Illinois or southeastern Iowa parts Turkey. North American species of Polygonum erectum achene masses from the American bottom region aviculare... But the [ … ] Since the 1930s, archaeologists have been accumulating data on the.. The artist, original publication if applicable, and the contiguous United States and Canada itself most. Of the pre-maize quartet, which gives them a plump appearance polygonum erectum uses [ Polygonaceae!, Aluka®, and a buckwheat family ( Polygonaceae ) for each plant HERBARIUM_ALL > 3316 and Japanese (... In the genus was formerly confused with P. achoreum ( T. R. Mertens and P. H. Raven 1965.... ) erect knotweed ( Polygonum pensylvanicum L. ) erect knotweed in western Washington, St. Louis American! Wiregrass, wireweed, matweed or doorweed small starchy seeds ( C. M. Scarry 1993 ) the context! Shores, railroads, lawns, caule erecto herbaceo about how broadly the was... North American species of the four small starchy seeds ( C. 1400-1425 ), jun-aug ( summer ), the. River shores, railroads, lawns erectum ( erect knotweed was cultivated in the genus Polygonum H. Raven 1965.!